Tiny Photonic Chip Provides a Big Boost in Precision Optics

Tiny Photonic Chip Provides a Big Boost in Precision Optics

A 2 mm by 2 mm integrated photonic chip developed by Jaime Cardenas, assistant professor of optics, and PhD student Meiting Song (lead author) will make interferometers—and therefore precision optics—even more powerful. Potential applications include more sensitive devices for measuring tiny flaws on mirrors, or dispersion of pollutants in the atmosphere, and ultimately, quantum applications. … Read more

Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine Associated With Increased Risk of Carditis (Heart Inflammation)

Human Heart Inflammation Disease

Despite low absolute risk, Pfizer/BioNTech BNT162b2 COVID-19 vaccine associated with increased risk of carditis. Markedly increased risk in adolescents after 2nd dose may warrant refined vaccination strategies A case-control study found that despite low absolute risk, there is an increased relative risk of carditis associated with BNT162b2 (commonly-known as Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine) vaccination. Considering the markedly increased … Read more

“Meat Made Us Human” Evolutionary Narrative Starts To Unravel

“Meat Made Us Human” Evolutionary Narrative Starts To Unravel

Homo erectus in East Africa surrounded by contemporary fauna. Credit: Mauricio Anton New study calls into question the importance of meat-eating in shaping our evolution. Quintessential human traits such as large brains first appear in Homo erectus nearly 2 million years ago. This evolutionary transition towards human-like traits is often linked to a major dietary … Read more

Cracking Chimpanzee Culture – More Similar to Human Culture Than Often Assumed

Cracking Chimpanzee Culture – More Similar to Human Culture Than Often Assumed

Nimba Mountains, Guinea. Credit: Kathelijne Koops, UZH Chimpanzees don’t automatically know what to do when they come across nuts and stones. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now used field experiments to show that chimpanzees thus do not simply invent nut-cracking with tools, but need to learn such complex cultural behaviors from others. Their … Read more

Scientists Unveil World’s First Molecular-Level Analysis of COVID Omicron Variant Spike Protein

Atomic Structure of Omicron Variant Spike Protein

Atomic structure of the Omicron variant spike protein (purple) bound with the human ACE2 receptor (blue). Credit: UBC Faculty of Medicine Findings shed light on factors behind Omicron’s increased transmissibility, including strong antibody evasion and binding with human cells. Researchers at UBC’s faculty of medicine have conducted the world’s first molecular-level structural analysis of the … Read more

Landing Therapeutic Genes Safely in the Human Genome – Improving Gene and Cell Therapies

Genomic Safe Harbor illustration

By Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard January 24, 2022 A collaborative research team at Harvard’s Wyss Institute and the ETH Zurich in Switzerland has identified genomic safe harbors (GSHs) in the tumultuous sea of human genome sequence to land therapeutic genes in. As part of their validation, they inserted a fluorescent GFP … Read more