How Snowy Landscapes Can Help Improve Body Image

Body appreciation is the act of valuing and respecting one’s own body, regardless of its shape, size, or appearance. It is about recognizing and accepting the unique qualities and abilities of one’s body, and treating it with kindness and care. By cultivating body appreciation, individuals can improve their self-esteem, reduce negative body image, and lead a more positive and fulfilling life.

A recent study has revealed that snowy landscapes can enhance one’s appreciation of their own body.

New research has discovered that being in snowy landscapes can boost one’s body appreciation.

Prior studies have already established that being in green spaces, such as parks and forests, and ‘blue environments’, like by the coast or near a river, can enhance one’s body image.

Now new research, published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, has discovered that white spaces, in this case, a snow-covered woodland, can have a similar effect.

Led by academics from the Medical University of Silesia, in Katowice, Poland, and Anglia Ruskin University (ARU) in the UK, the research was carried out last winter and involved 87 women, with an average age of 24, who took part in small groups.

Before and after walking in a snowy woodland in the Silesia region of Poland, the participants completed a measure of their body appreciation. Before the walk, they also completed measures of connectedness to nature and self-compassion.

The study found that spending a short amount of time in nature – in this case approximately 40 minutes – results in greater body appreciation. Additionally, people who scored highly in the trait of self-compassion displayed greater improvement in body appreciation.

As well as being the first study to examine the body image benefits of spending time in a snowy landscape, it is also the first to show that these benefits can be achieved when being in nature in small groups, rather than individually.

Lead author Dr. Kamila Czepczor-Bernat, of the Medical University of Silesia, said: “A body of evidence now exists showing that nature exposure – living close to, frequenting, or engaging with environments such as forests and parks – is associated with a range of physical and psychological wellbeing benefits.

“However, in contrast to previous studies which have focused on the impact of blue and green natural environments on body image outcomes, ours is the first to show the positive impact on body appreciation from spending time in snow-covered environments.”

Senior author Viren Swami, Professor of Social Psychology at Anglia Ruskin University (ARU), said: “Natural environments help to restrict negative appearance-related thoughts and shift attention away from an aesthetic view of the body and toward a greater appreciation of the body’s functionality. Positive body image is important not only in its own right but has other beneficial effects, including more positive psychological well-being.

“Our findings demonstrate the importance of ensuring that everyone can access restorative natural environments, which may be a cost-effective way of promoting healthier body image, and highlight that there are significant benefits of being outside in nature, whatever the weather.”

Reference: “The Impact of a Woodland Walk on Body Image: A Field Experiment and an Assessment of Dispositional and Environmental Determinants” by Kamila Czepczor-Bernat, Justyna Modrzejewska, Adriana Modrzejewska and Viren Swami, 5 November 2022, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph192114548